PANDANSARI LIGHTHOUSE

Pandansari Beach is located in the villages of Patehan, Gadingsari, Sanden, Bantul. This beach is located in other clusters of beaches such as Goa Cemara, Samas, Pandansimo and Kuwaru beach. The location can be accessed from Yogyakarta with a distance of about 30 kilometers. It takes around one and a half hours. Although access to this place is quite easy, public transportation, which can reach Pandansari beach, is not yet available. So it’s better to drive your own car or rent a motor vehicle.

The name Pandansari comes from the conditions around the coast. On the beach there are lots of wild Pandan. Although this beach is not as famous as other beaches, the condition of this beach is cleaner compared to other beaches around it. If you visit the beach in the morning, you will see people fishing on the beach. Tourists can also catch fish, but they must be careful because the waves are big and there are lots of coral.

Pandansari Beach is one of the beaches in Yogyakarta that has a lighthouse. The 40 meter high lighthouse has a circular staircase that can be accessed to the top. The lighthouse was built in 1996 and began to be used in 1997 as a sign and lighting for ships that sail at night.

WHAT IS A LIGHTHOUSE?

A lighthouse is a building specifically designed to emit light and functions as a navigation guide for ships at sea. Without a lighthouse, ships will have difficulty sailing at night and risk hitting rocks or dangerous objects.

HOW DOES LIGHTHOUSE WORK?

The way the lighthouse works is not as simple as reflecting light into the sea. The lighthouse works on the principle of reflecting vertical light onto a horizontal surface. This horizontal surface is affixed with a giant lens called a Fresnel lens. This lens reflects light in the form of light.

If the lighthouse is erected on a rock in the middle of the sea, the lens will rotate continuously in a clockwise rotation. Do not be underestimated, these lenses are very strong, you know! Thus, a beam of light will be easily visible even in bad or foggy weather conditions.

A LANGUAGE FOR SAILORS

Lighthouses mark reefs or dangerous areas on the coast. But the lighthouses do not only illuminate the approach to the coasts. They also allow sailors to find their way around. Each lighthouse has its own characteristics, its own way of illuminating the horizon. Some headlights emit sector lights, that is to say light beams of different colors: red or green to indicate dangerous areas, white to indicate the road to follow. Those which send only white light, can be fixed lights (constant and identical light intensity in all directions), flashing lights (periods of darkness longer than the periods of lighting), isophase lights (same dark and lighting times), or blackout lights (longer lighting periods than dark periods). To find his way around, all that remains for the sailor to do is determine what type of light is lighting him, count the durations of darkness and light and measure the rate at which these durations are repeated. By referring to his book of lights, where all the lighthouse codes are indicated, he will discover the name of the lighthouse that lights it and deduce its position in relation to the coast. Useful if the GPS or radar is down

the Keris: Weapon and spirituality Javanese symbol

In the world of Pusaka, this term which includes all the precious goods, kept from generation to generation in the family clan, keris holds a place of honor.

For the Indonesians especially Javanese, the keris is not only a weapon but a true sacred spiritual object. It is considered to be twice its owner, it protects it, contains its soul and can replace it during official ceremonies, even on the day of its marriage. The keris is worn on the back, wedged under the belt of the traditional costume in order to protect its wearer from evil spirits who could attack from behind. The keris is worn by men and women, although the female keris is shorter and lighter. For women, they worn the short and tiny keris on the front hide by long and wide fabric belts are used to hold the long cloth used traditionally

The symbolism of its form

The general shape of this dagger is very figurative and belongs to traditional Javanese iconography: the warangka, upper part of the scabbard, has the shape of a boat on which stands a character represented by the handle of the keris. The narrow double-edged blade, which gives the aesthetic quality to the keris, symbolizes the naga (mythical dragon) either at rest when the blade is straight or in motion when the blade is wavy (called “luk”), the number of undulations ranging from three to thirteen and always odd. Note that the wavy blade is more destructive than the straight blade.

The sheath called sarong in exotic wood, richly decorated with precious stones, gold and ivory is the element that allows to recognize its origin.

Javanese keris is the most elaborate and the most richly decorated with a very wide variety of shapes and patterns.

The forge of Keris: creation and spirituality

The art of forging keris was not given to just anyone. Only a pandai keris could accomplish such a task and few have obtained the supreme title of empu. Empus are highly respected craftsmen in Javanese society, attached to royal courts and possessing knowledge of literature, history and occult sciences.

Creating a keris is a long and complicated process. It all starts with the choice of an auspicious date in the Javanese calendar while taking into account the date of birth of the sponsor because the blade must reflect his personality to perfection. After determining the auspicious day, the empu begins a white diet based on white rice and water for two to three months in order to purify his body and free his mind and thus obtain the necessary inspiration. The fast will continue during the whole realization of the dagger, accompanied by prayers and meditations to remain pure and serene and to avoid movements of humour which could transpose in the keris and and beyond influence its owner later when it wears it. A good keris had to have yoni, an invisible magic power.

To make a royal Javanese keris, one of the components is a part of meteorite that fell in the Prambanan region in 1784. About one gram of meteoritic stone with a high nickel content is added to the folded iron sheet and folded tens even hundreds of times with great precision. The pattern is therefore obtained by superimposing very contrasting layers of metal and to finish the blade is coated with a mixture of arsenic and lemon juice in order to bring out the silvery white pattern, the nickel being very white.

Common keris are forged with metal of “earth” origin, or even industrial alloys.

Manufacturing according to the traditional method is an art which, unfortunately, is disappearing nowadays due to the lack of “sacred” raw materials and lack of know-how.

Javanese proverb: a man must have five things on earth: a Kris, a horse, a house, a bird and a woman. 

Indonesian keris include Javanese keris has been on the list of intangible cultural heritage of humanity since 2008.

HOW TO PREPARE CHILDREN FOR SCHOOL IN THE NEW NORMAL ERA

Coexistence with Covid-19 has now become a reality that inevitably has to be faced by the people of Indonesia. This decision was forced to be the last choice when the positive case of the corona virus did not go down, while the national economy itself still had to rise.

Since the transition from social restrictions to new normal was implemented, almost all activities began to run as usual. The employees are already working from the office again, the mall and shopping center reopened, but for schools and colleges, teaching and learning activities are still carried out online from home.

Then, is it possible for children to return to school in the new normal era which incidentally almost all cities are still not free from the Covid-19 pandemic?

TEACHING – LEARNING SCHEMES DURING PANDEMIC

The Indonesian Ministry of Education and Culture is now preparing to reopen school activities in the midst of the Covid-19 pandemic starting in July or the start of the new school year 2020/2021. The plan, schools will be gradually opened. Starting from the level of junior high school-equivalent, followed by the elementary level-equivalent two months later, and the level of PAUD-equivalent four months later.

Scheme of teaching and learning activities have also been prepared during the application of this new normal. According to Minister of Education and Culture Nadiem Makarim, only schools in the green zone are allowed to hold face-to-face teaching and learning activities, even that with strict health protocols.

Referring to national data, there are only about 6 percent of students in the green zone. While the other 94 percent is spread in the red, orange and yellow zones. If it turns out that the green zone has changed to a yellow, orange, or red zone, face-to-face teaching and learning activities must be stopped.

5 TIPS FOR SAFE RETURNING TO SCHOOL IN THE NEW NORMAL ERA

Working, teaching and learning activities face to face certainly cannot be left too long. Like it or not to be active and productive again, children must return to school. Even this can affect their achievement, considering that not all home environments can be said to be conducive to home schooling.

Then, how should parents behave so that children can live a new normal life at school, while avoiding corona virus exposure?

Summarizing the various sources, here are 5 tips for safe schooling in the midst of the pandemic that parents can apply to children:

1. Give an idea of ​​what the new normal era looks like

First, give an idea of ​​what the new normal era is like. New normal is a condition where activities continue as usual, including school, but that does not mean the corona virus has subsided. Parents need to give an idea to children so that they remain alert when they return to school. In addition, for children entering new levels of education, also provide an overview of the new environment. Like from elementary to junior high, what are the things that differentiate? In terms of subjects, there are some new additions such as Physics or Economics. Also reassure children that they will be able to adjust and live everything smoothly.

2. Remind again the danger of corona virus

Outbreaks of the corona virus will certainly have an unpleasant effect on the lives of children, especially when going to school in the new normal era. Before that, parents need to give more understanding to children about the dangers of the corona virus. A good understanding will certainly not make the child afraid, but more alert to the new environment. We can educate children about what can and should not be done if entering school while the corona virus pandemic is still ongoing.

3. Teach and familiarize children with health protocols

This new school year is very different from before. Children are required to return to school even though the pandemic has not yet ended. Under these conditions, of course parents must familiarize children with health protocols even if the area is in the green zone. Well, health protocols that must be obeyed while in school include:                                          • Wear a mask                                                                                                                                                                                     • Always carry a hand sanitiser in a uniform pocket to avoid oblivion.                                                  • Wash your hands diligently with soap provided in the school environment.                                 • Keeping distance with friends when at school.                                                                                               • Bring supplies or snacks from home to make it more hygienic.                                                           • Avoid shaking hands with all school members.                                                                                          • Avoid contact with people in the school environment who look ill.                                                        • Not sharing or sharing food and drinks with friends.

4. Practice the discipline

Learning at home while making it difficult for children to adapt to school routines if the new school year has arrived. This is the duty of parents to equip their children to be more disciplined, and not feel awkward to enter their new environment. Children must be discipline to get used to rearranging their lives as usual. Discipline can be done starting from sleeping not too late at night, getting up early, eating breakfast, preparing school needs, and so forth.

5. No need to worry too much

Excessive parental anxiety can make children afraid to face this situation. It is natural that feelings of anxiety arise when having to release a child in a new environment in a pandemic situation like now. However, we also need to think about the impact on children. Parental anxiety can make a child feel uncomfortable, he will later feel insecure and anxious because affected by the attitude of his parents. Therefore, avoid excessive anxiety because instead of being a solution, it will make the situation worse.

That’s like the preparation that must be done when the child enters school in the new normal era. When parents have provided enough education about how to deal with the new environment during this pandemic, afterwards enough to trust everything that has been taught to the child. In addition to the above, always communicate with the person in charge and the teacher at the school to monitor the condition of the surrounding environment.