BOGOR BOTANICAL GARDEN

BOGOR BOTANICAL GARDEN

After waking up in the morning and having an Indonesian breakfast (mie goreng, or fried noodles), we walk towards the botanical garden. On the side of the presidential palace, you can see hundreds of deer and hinds. It seems to be the attraction of Sunday because street vendors offer carrots and other vegetables to Javanese, who wish to feed these animals. We walk well 45 minutes before finding an entrance to the botanical garden. Entrance is 13,000 IDR for local tourists and 25,000 IDR for foreign, double compared to locals but it’s still very inexpensive (less than $.2 )!

The Bogor Botanical Garden was first opened in 1817. The garden was founded (Bogor was then called Buitenzorg, which means “carefree” in Dutch) by the government of the Netherlands Indies, which wished to gather the plants that Javanese and natives from other regions of their colony used it in their domestic use or as medicine, and to allow to study them in order to use them for commercial purposes. The garden has become a center for the promotion of agriculture and horticulture in Indonesia. The founder of the “Lands Plantentuin”, from the name the Dutch gave him, was Casper Georg Carl Reinwardt, a German who had originally traveled to the Netherlands to study the natural sciences and specialize in botany and in chemistry. In 1817 Reinwardt, who was then 44, was appointed director of agricultural affairs in Java and the surrounding islands. On May 18, 1817, 47 hectares of land surrounding the governor’s palace was converted into a botanical garden and Reinwardt was appointed first director of the Buitenzorg botanical garden from 1817 to 1822. During this period 900 new plantings were carried out in the garden.

In 1848, the garden received four oil palm seeds from the botanical garden (Amsterdam) which had been endowed with two potted palms brought to Amsterdam by the East India Company of Mauritius, which had been producing seeds for six years, which were spread throughout Southeast Asia. These seeds were the first introduced in Indonesia, from there, the cultivation of the oil palm spread throughout the archipelago, making the palm an economic good of primary importance, by providing a source of food and vegetable fibers. may constitute cords or mats. Does palm oil come from the Dutch? Even if we criticize a lot the products using this oil, we must not forget that it is an important economic source for Asia …

We spend more than two hours in this park to admire trees each larger than the other, orchids, a Mexican garden … Many locals spend the day there. It is also a meeting place for lovers.

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