Road to Margo Utomo Agro Resort in East Java


220 kilometers in 4:30, this is the program of our afternoon on the Indonesian roads, from Bromo to Kalibaru. We have booked two double rooms at the Margo Utomo Agro Resort. They are located in small bungalows set amidst lush tropical vegetation, flowers and very well maintained. With a large pool as a bonus, this resort looks luxurious but is actually very affordable.

There is the possibility of taking a guided tour of the plantation. Our guide, whose smile never leaves his face, explains and shows us how we grow coffee, cocoa, nutmeg, vanilla etc. It makes us feel everything, even taste it when possible. Coffee beans drying in the sun.  So, when she makes me smell the cinnamon with her eyes closed without telling what it is, I immediately makes an association of idea: “Mmmh, it smells like cake”! Then an employee admires the children by climbing the coconut palms with bare hands and feet, as easily as if it were a staircase, to pick up some coconuts.

Then the guide shows us teak… in the form of trees. It also shears the bark of a rubber tree, the famous “rubber tree”: children are captivated by this substance which transforms in a few seconds into latex. We end the visit by the oven above which boils coconut juice, which we have the right to taste and which is a pure delight.

In short, a superb little lesson in things that this guided tour, perfectly suited to children but also to adults. In the afternoon, we leave for Banyuwangi where we will spend the night, and which will be our starting point in the early morning for the excursion to Kawah Ijen (which means “crater of Ijen”).

How to get there ?

By car : the plantation is located in Kalibaru, on the southern road from Bromo to Ijen (via Jember). It is an ideal stopover between the two volcanoes.

Accommodation : Margo Utomo Eco/Agro Resort  (in Kalibaru, East Java: not to be confused with the Margo Hill View Resort, which is part of the same group and located nearby).

→ The price : low season $. 40/night for the double room, breakfast included, and $. 50/night for high season. The exotic garden is lush and particularly pleasant. The height of happiness for children: there is a large swimming pool surrounded by tropical vegetation.

Address: Jl. Lap. No. 10, Kalibaru Kulon, Kalibaru, Kabupaten Banyuwangi, Jawa Timur 68467. Tel +62 333 897700

The Margo Utomo plantation

→ Visit of the plantation – There are two ways to tour the plantation (“Aroma tour – Spice gardens”): the one hour guided tour and the two hour one. We chose the one hour, which lasted almost double thanks to the very available guide.

→ Catering – We have tasted a delicious warung on the road which crosses the city (leaving the enclosure of the plantation, take the path on the left, then turn right at the first crossing; arriving a little further on the road main road which crosses the city, the warung is located a hundred meters on the left). It’s delicious and it only costs a handful of euros for four meals, the Chinese boss is welcoming and as in all warungs, we had very nice meetings there.

Long ears Dayak women in Borneo

the woman with big ears in Borneo

Dayak people with dilated lobes are said to be only one hundred living along the Mahakam River. This is on the island of Borneo.

This 920 km river has always been a vital artery and the only means of communication for residents living in this remote area of ​​East Kalimantan [Kalimantan is the name given to the Indonesian part of the island of Borneo. This region includes five provinces: East, West, Central, South and North Kalimantan]. It is on this river that depends on the flow or not of human movement and transportation of goods from Samarinda, the provincial capital, to the most remote hamlets.

When the water level rises during the rainy season, navigation becomes very risky, because the river carries many tree trunks that can hit the boat at any time. But when the level drops, in the dry season, the ship can no longer pass, because of the risk of crashing into rocks. along the journey from Long Bagun to the headwaters, the natural beauty of the dazzling scenery is crossed: giant karst walls, green forests, bird concerts, dizzying waterfalls.

The Dayaks are divided into several ethnic groups, one of which is the Bahau Dayak ethnic group. They built huts in their fields on the banks of this river with clear water. Bahak Dayak is a sub-group of Dayaks who live along the Mahakam upstream. To go to their fields, which are quite far from the village of Long Isun, they use a boat attached to a propeller motor which is the main means of transportation for Dayaks.

The ring was hung since the first week of life

A few weeks after birth, the lobes of Dayak girls are pricked with bamboo points and sticks inserted into the hole to keep them open. They are then replaced with thicker sticks, so the hole grows larger as the child grows.

When approaching adolescence, a copper ring hung in his ear. These rings are called sangs in the Dayak Bahau language. Every year Hisangs are added to add weight to the lobes. It is under this ever-increasing weight that the ears are stretched out. Among Dayak Kenyah, the same operation was carried out on women belonging to the nobility. Once perforated, the two lobes are connected to each other by a wire, to create tension and make the hole widen. Belaung – a term used by Dayak Kenyah to designate this ring – is hung as soon as the baby grows.

Is lobe lengthening a specific Dayak practice?

The rings in the ears are found practically everywhere in Southeast Asia. Dayaks are distinguished by the number of these rings and the length of the lobes they carry. But the practice falls under canons of beauty which are far from being limited to Kalimantan (think, for example, of giraffe women, whose rings lengthen their necks). These are aesthetic practices, but also markers of social status. Among the Dayaks, like everywhere else, jewelry is a sign of wealth.

But among the Dayaks, the modification brought about by these jewels is spectacular and probably painful…

Dayak women do not speak of the pain they may have felt when their ears were pierced. Presumably because, as with little Western girls, this is done at an early age, which does not really leave any memories. Then the progressive elongation is not painful. Little girls learn to run and play by supporting the weight of the rings with their hands. Tattooing, on the other hand, is often described as very painful.

When did the custom of long ears start to disappear?

At the time of the “confrontation” – as the conflict with the Malay in the 1960s is called – the Indonesian army recruited the Dayaks as porters, guides or combatants, which generated interference between the Javanese world – dominant Muslim of the centralized state and these peripheral tribes, hitherto isolated. Shortly thereafter, primary school was established in all villages and the teachers aroused the shame of the little girls wearing big ears. This rather brutal opening to the outside world led to their abandonment.

It seems that the tradition is currently arousing renewed curiosity. Is it correct ?

The village of Pampang was created for tourists. Its inhabitants give dance performances, give blowgun demonstrations. Some old ladies with long ears get paid to be photographed. It is known and visitors tend more and more to turn away from this type of folkloric staging.

We must be careful, in general, to focus too much on the long ears. They are only a marginal part of these endangered cultures. In the villages today, the Dayaks all have smartphones. There are karaoke bars there. These villages are already globalized.

The smoothie, good or bad for health?

Who does not like to enjoy a smoothie for an instant guaranteed freshness? Yes, we like it for its fruity and “healthy” side. But the smoothie is not, in reality, the innocent drink that is believed. Worse, it would even be harmful to health. The smoothie is a bit of the benchmark drink when you want to quench your thirst without the calories that go with most sugary drinks. But according to a study by two American scientists relayed in The Guardian, drinking a smoothie would not only be harmful to health but also more harmful than Coca-cola.

The problem ? The high fructose content present in this fruit mix. According to the researchers, the smoothie would indeed contain the sugar equivalent of six oranges or a glass of light Coca-Cola (just that).

So we forgot about the smoothie if we watch her line. And while we are at it, we have put together a list of false friends for slimming:

The 10 beasts of thinness:

1 | Sushi  we recently learned that these small Japanese rolls were as high in calories as a Big Mac, or even more (290 to 350 calories). Of course, the quality of the nutritional intake is much better in the case of sushi: low in fat, sushi provides protein, carbohydrates and fiber. Add to this that they are rich in Omega 3, good for physical and mental condition and to protect against cardiovascular diseases. However, if we stick to calories, it is better to pass.

2 | Coca-Cola Light it is the aspartame contained in the American drink which is the # 1 nutritional enemy. This sweetener is perhaps 60 times less caloric than sugar but it whets the appetite and thus promotes snacking.

3 | Balsamic vinegar it is often used in our salads, but this condiment is actually not a friend because it is very sweet.

4 | The pan-fried frozen vegetables  OK, it saves us the step of peeling and other cutting into small pieces but it contains a lot of fat. Much more than if you take care of the seasoning yourself.

5 | Yogurt  with 0% fat: be careful! It is guaranteed without fat, of course, but not necessarily without sugar (s). It is therefore potentially more caloric than conventional yogurt.

6 | The mixed salad  yes the salad itself is low in calories but the ingredients that accompany it are a little less. Beware of eggs, bacon, avocados and seasonings.

7 | Olive oil  it is a good oil for health but it is nonetheless an oil with 900 calories per 100 grams.

8 | Compote it contains fruit AND especially a plethora of sugars. Prefer fruit purées which are without added sugar.

9 | The vitamin drink it is the most deceitful since it can contain between 35 and 140 calories per bottle. Long live the water, the real one.

10| Sliced ​​bread  More caloric than conventional bread, it is rich in fats and sugars.

>> Fortunately, there are solutions for eating and even for snacking without leaving your skin!

Balance breakfast


Breakfast is a meal, a real one! It is part of our three main meals and fully contributes to a balanced diet. Have you been fasting since the previous evening? It is therefore time to recharge the batteries, even if it is not always easy to balance your breakfast, especially with your daily constraints.

Are you short on time? Wondering what your breakfast should consist of? Can’t live without it, or have you never had breakfast in your life? We give you our tips, original ideas and solutions to improve your morning routine!


The beverage

Above all, it is essential to rehydrate your body and compensate for the losses after your night’s sleep. Even if you don’t eat breakfast, take at least the time to rehydrate yourself.

A large glass of hot or cold water, a tea or herbal tea, a bowl of coffee or a glass of 100% pure juice. Choose one or more drinks to compose your breakfast.

A portion of starchy food

Starchy foods provide you with complex carbohydrates. They are ideal for replenishing energy. It is best to choose carbohydrates with a low glycemic index. The glycemic index or GI gives the ability of a food to raise blood sugar. The benchmark glycemic index is glucose, which is 100. A glycemic index of 50, for example, means that the rise in blood sugar is 50% compared to that of glucose. Foods with a low glycemic index will spread the insulin response over time, and will not cause a sudden spike in your blood sugar. Simply put, you’ll be hungry later in the morning. Several factors influence the glycemic index: the presence of fiber, simple sugar, lipids, the level of refinement of the product, etc.

For example :

– White bread has a high glycemic index.

– Wholemeal bread has a low glycemic index because it is rich in fiber.

– Sweet industrial cereals have a high glycemic index compared to oatmeal.

In order to properly compose your breakfast, add wholemeal bread, cereals or a cookie for example.

full breakfast ideas

Beware of industrial products often too rich in simple sugars and saturated fats. These products do not meet your needs after a good night’s sleep. Prefer unrefined, homemade or natural products.

A dairy product

Rich in calcium and protein, dairy products help strengthen your bones and maintain your muscle mass. Yoghurt, fromage blanc, cheese, cheese, etc.

Choose and vary the pleasures, because each dairy product does not provide you with the same nutrients.

A portion of fruit

Raw or cooked, try adding a serving of seasonal fruit to your breakfast. They provide you with essential vitamins and minerals. Raw fruits are a great source of vitamin C, which is essential for energizing and waking up your body. A portion of fruit can be replaced by a compote, a fresh fruit juice or a smoothie for example.


If you have never managed to swallow anything or if breakfast makes you nauseous, do not force yourself! Do not panic, even if this meal contributes to our nutritional balance, you just have to shift it. In this case, to avoid cravings in the morning, plan a small snack when your stomach is “awake”: a fruit with milk, and a drink.

Psysical activity for asmathic child

Can your asthmatic child participate in physical activity?

Exercise-induced asthma is likely to affect 80 to 90% of children with asthma. This can be a reason for fear for the child and the parents, especially when teaching physical education and sports at school. Regular physical activity helps develop the lung capacity of the asthmatic child. Thus, it is important to allow the child to play sports in order to improve his quality of life on a daily basis. However, precautions must be taken to practice physical activity safely.

How to recognize exercise-induced asthma?

Exercise asthma manifests itself a few minutes after intense physical exertion. Symptoms are those of asthma (wheezing, difficulty breathing, coughing).Generally, they regress spontaneously after 30 to 40 minutes. Symptoms can sometimes be unusual (chest pain, decreased performance, coughing fits).

Can asthmatic children play sports?

Asthma is not a contraindication to the practice of sport. On the contrary, an asthmatic child can and must do sports. Abnormal shortness of breath, fear of the onset of the crisis or fear of mockery from comrades, can cause the child to practice less and less physical activity. He then becomes less tolerant of effort, his physical capacities diminish, and he enters the vicious circle of physical deconditioning. Conversely, regular physical activity increases exercise tolerance by reducing breathing discomfort during exercise. Sports activity increases respiratory capacity, decreases the intensity of crises and allows better respiratory control. This better breath control allows the child to live with less anxiety from the asthma attack, to have less use of crisis treatment and to better accept the disease. In addition, sport is essential for relationship development, the child feels less isolated, which improves his quality of life.

What sport for my asthmatic child?

All sports can be practiced (except scuba diving with a bottle which is most often contraindicated). However, the effort must be regulated. Two factors must be taken into account: the intensity of the effort and the duration of it. Brief, strenuous exercise, as well as prolonged but lightly strenuous exercise, carries little risk. The intense exercises of 6-8 minutes are the most at risk. Long runs are likely to trigger a crisis when their intensity is too high. Thus, the child can run for a long time at moderate intensity. This level of intensity corresponds to the dyspn ea threshold, which is the moment when breathlessness appears and which therefore corresponds to the running speed that the child should not exceed. During exercise, the environment plays a very important role: the inspired air can contain pollutants, allergens or particles favoring the triggering of the crisis. It is best to avoid exercise on days of high pollination or peak pollution. Cold, dry air is asthmogenic, so it is advisable to favor activity in a hot and humid environment.

Weakly asthmogenic activities Highly asthmogenic activities.
  • Racquet sports (tennis)
  • Combat sports (judo, karate, etc.)
  • Sprint
  • Gymnastic
  • Golf
  • Alpine skiing
  • Market
  • Handball
  • Swimming
  • Soccer
  • Rugby
  • Horse riding
  • Cycling
  • Long distance race
  • Cross-country skiing
  • Ice Hockey
  • Skating

How to treat a stress asthma attack?

Current physical activity must be stopped. Be sure to sit and reassure the child. Follow the action plan in the event of an asthma attack. This is based on the administration of a fast-acting bronchodilator (eg VentolineⓇ). If there is no improvement, the administration of the crisis treatment will be repeated 5 to 10 minutes after. In case of signs suggesting a severe crisis (child having difficulty speaking, prostrate, pale, etc.) or in the absence of improvement following the administration of crisis treatment, an emergency service should be contacted (n ° 15 or 112). In order for your child to be able to follow sports education at school in complete safety, it is recommended to draw up an individualized reception protocol (PAI) with the reception structure for your child.

How to prevent these stress asthma attacks?

The prevention of stress asthma attacks relies on different elements.

Before practicing a sporting activity the child must have a good control of his asthma in order to have a good respiratory function at rest. For this, good compliance with the background treatment is essential. Do not hesitate to talk about it with the doctor who monitors your child.

Drug prevention most often consists of the administration of a short-acting bronchodilator (ex: VentolineⓇ) 10 to 15 minutes before the start of sports activity. The child must be in possession of the emergency treatment during sporting activity. Crisis treatment must be brought to the attention of the physical education and sports teacher, in particular by setting up an IAP.

Non-drug prevention consists of preparing your effort well. The beginning and the end of the physical exercise must be progressive. Warming up is essential because it helps prepare the bronchi for physical activity. A general warm-up by breathing exercises promotes breath control. It is advisable to breathe through your nose so that the inhaled air warms and moistens. At the end of the exercise it is necessary to stop gradually so that the bronchi adapt to a breathing of rest.

Therapeutic education is also very important because it will allow your child to recognize the warning signs, aggravating factors, asthma symptoms and to manage his stress asthma attack well. Many asthma schools across the territory welcome you with your child to discuss all the questions related to the management of your child’s asthma on a daily basis.

Finally, the main long-term treatment for exercise-induced asthma is improving your child’s physical abilities. Regular physical training helps to reduce the threshold for the appearance of exercise-induced asthma, to have better breath control and thus improve the quality of life of your child. For children whose respiratory function at rest is very impaired, supervised exercise training programs exist. The important thing is to practice physical activity at your own pace, to have fun, which will contribute to the quality of life of the child.

Febrile convulsions in children or babies


If the temperature is at least 38 ° C, a child may have convulsions: these are febrile convulsions. They are generally not serious and do not leave any after effects on the child’s brain, despite their impressive manifestations:

  • Symmetrical muscle spasms shake the child’s body;
  • The members move involuntarily, in a jerky and symmetrical manner;
  • The child loses consciousness or has a short absence;
  • Child’s eyes may roll over or remain fixed

The crisis can last from 1 to 5 minutes. The end of the crisis is marked by a recovery phase during which the child is sleepy and often breaths loudly. The child returns to normal within 10 minutes.


In the event of a febrile convulsion attack, certain measures should be applied:

  • Put the child in the lateral safe position (PLS): on the side, the head slightly lower than the body. This will allow an easier evacuation of saliva and prevent possible false routes as well as choking in case of vomiting;
  • Stay close to the child and monitor him so that he does not hurt himself, especially at the level of the head;
  • Support the child’s head;
  • Leave it free to move. Do not try to open his mouth and introduce nothing into it: no object that can hurt him, no medicine, or your fingers (unless it is necessary to remove a foreign body such as a toy or food)
  • Loosen his clothes and discover the child, because of his fever.
  • Note the time of the start of the febrile convulsion attack.


If the febrile seizure attack lasts less than 5 minutes and the child recovers well in less than 10 minutes, there is no need to call the emergency services. It is however recommended to consult a doctor or a pediatrician in order to make sure that this episode is indeed a febrile convulsion and to look for the cause of the fever such as for example an otitis, a chickenpox, a nasopharyngitis, a roseola,…

When to call medical emergencies? In rare cases, seizures can be accompanied by complications and should lead to an immediate emergency call (15 or 112). These “complicated” seizures occur mainly in children under the age of one.

Here is the list of complications that require the use of emergency services:

  • The child is less than 6 months old or more than 5 years old;
  • The seizure attack lasts more than 5 minutes;
  • It takes more than 10 minutes to recover from his seizure;
  • The convulsion episode is not isolated but repeated during the past 24 hours;
  • The child suffers from a neurological disease;
  • He has no fever;
  • His hands and lips were colored blue (cyanosis);
  • He has disturbed breathing;
  • Convulsions affect only one side of the body;
  • He presents with a paralysis following the convulsion;


Do you want to spice up your life? Well, try to do it literally by your palet, tasting some of the typical spicy sauces from Indonesia, the spiciest, and also the tastiest, known as “sambal”, the essential condiment to accompany any local cuisine.

Many Indonesians have a steel puck because each region of Indonesia cannot live without sambal and each with its own style. Depending on the region, the sambal may be sweeter, more salty, more sour or simply stronger. The list below gives you some examples of the strongest and spiciest sambals that can be found in the archipelago.

Prepare a glass of hot water or hot tea, as you will definitely need this to offset the effects of these fiery delights. Cold water is not an antidote.


It is a typical sambal which is found almost everywhere in the archipelago without any particular roots. Each region has its own version, of course, but the “Sambal Kecap” consists mainly of fresh Asian shallots, sweet soy sauce and, as you would expect, a lot of chili!

Anyone can prepare it because none of the ingredients need to be cooked. It is best to prepare the sambal a few hours before eating it so that the soy sauce has time to absorb some of the flavors of the other ingredients. However, it is also nice to taste it right away. This sambal is ideal for light weights who want to strengthen their resistance to stronger sauces. Best served with: rice and grilled meats (especially chicken) or grilled fish.

Why include it in this list ?: it contains raw and whole peppers, seeds included. If you only eat soy sauce, it’s nice and sweet. But, if you bite into the chopped chili, beware! It’s like a mine exploding in your mouth.


Originating from Solo in Central Java, this sambal is made up of only four ingredients: tons of little red peppers, Asian shallots, garlic and salt. The ingredients are then chopped and bound using a mortar and pestle, then mixed with hot oil before serving. The name Korek literally means scraping, this is how people eat this very spicy sauce. They gradually “scratch” the sambal because too much of a blow would be too much to bear. Best served with: rice and duck or fried chicken

Why include it in this list ?: Beginners should be wary of it because even the kings of chili peppers feel their tongues burn from the first contact. The small red peppers are among the strongest in Indonesia and this sambal uses an abundance of them. However, after a few tries, the spicy and salty combination is addictive, which establishes between you and this sambal have a somewhat abusive relationship: leaving on your tongue on fire a taste of come back.


Sambal Matah is a Bali sambal, spicy and refreshing at the same time. Composed of raw and fresh ingredients, including red peppers, green peppers, Asian shallots, green tomatoes, lemongrass, terasi (shrimp paste), leaves and lemon juice of combava. This cheerfully spicy preparation is one of the most popular in Bali and can be found in any Balinese restaurant. Best served with: rice and grilled fish or seafood

Why include it in this list ?: This sambal is interesting because it is spicy but refreshing at the same time. The hot fire of chili peppers can be suppressed simultaneously by other fresh sambal flavors, such as tomatoes and shallots. The ingredients of this sambal are not mixed, each natural and fresh flavor remains strong and separate, giving the option of tasting them individually or in combination.


Sambal Roa is a typical Manado pepper sauce, in the North Sulawesi province, made from Roa fish (galafea). Roa is a type of smoked fish that comes from the North of Manado. It is basically roa fish sautéed in extremely hot chilli, although some commercial products produced outside Sulawesi reduce the level of chilli so that it can be eaten by more people. Many consider it a main dish or companion for rice, as it already contains fish. If you manage to get your hands on its original version, be sure to taste it with caution.

Why include it in this list ?: Besides being spicy, this type of sambal is delicious with rice and nothing else. It has such a lovely fishy flavor and a strong smoky scent that it could actually make a dish on its own.


It is also another type of sambal which has different versions in most regions of the archipelago, the sweetest type being that of Central Java (recommended for light weights of chili). There are two versions, the raw sambal terasi and the cooked sambal terasi. Its ingredients sometimes differ, but still contain red peppers, terasi (shrimp paste), Asian shallots, garlic and salt. The fresh raw version is generally more intense than the cooked version.

Best served with: fresh vegetables known as lalapan in Sundanese for raw sambal terasi, rice and almost all types of meat and vegetables for cooked sambal terasi. Raw is, of course, also delicious with rice and most types of meats and vegetables.

Why include it in this list ?: Most Indonesian houses have their own type of Sambal Terasi available daily, especially among chili lovers. This is probably the first type of sambal you should try to get used to before exploring the other versions, as it is the basic flavor of sambal.


This fresh sambal also from North Sulawesi is similar to Sambal Matah from Bali with its raw ingredients and explosive flavors. It consists of green tomatoes, peppers and coarsely crushed shallots with a pinch of salt and lemon juice. Like the one from Bali, this sambal is not mixed with a mortar and pestle and retains the natural, raw flavors of the ingredients. Best served with: rice and grilled fish or seafood

Why include it in this list ?: it’s like a party on your tongue. The salty, tangy and spicy sensation leaves a delicious and lingering sensation in your mouth.

Business Continuous Plan for small business


Small business owners know this: time is a precious resource. There are never enough hours in a day for those who use all their energy, their foresight and their diplomacy to run the machine smoothly. In short, it is difficult to find time for hypothetical reflections when you juggle with a host of very real imperatives.

Unfortunately, disasters strike without warning – and more often than we think. A sudden incident that interrupts your activities or prevents your talented employees from doing their job can have disastrous consequences, especially if you don’t know how to react to it. Data leaks, hurricanes, fires, virus outbreaks… With the right business continuity plan, your small business can overcome big obstacles.

What is business continuity, and why is it so important?

Your worst professional nightmare becomes reality: an incident suspends all activity in your business. While you are dealing with the immediate consequences of the flood, fire, pandemic or other serious event, you also have logistical challenges to overcome: trying to get employees back to work, avoiding any power cuts. material supply, maintain demand for your services, etc.

Does this scenario give you cold sweats? You are not alone. This is where the business continuity plan comes into play: it involves anticipating the financial and operational consequences of a disruption, to provide the means to ensure the quickest possible return to normal.

Business continuity planning is based on several important elements, including assessing the main risks and managing them using emergency plans, business insurance, and appropriate recovery and continuity plans. But before you get into the details, you need to know exactly where your business is – including what its flaws are.

How to develop a strategy?

To develop an appropriate continuity plan, you need to know the risks to which the business is exposed. It is impossible to foresee absolutely all the risks, but recognizing the main threats will help you speed up the recovery of your business.

Business impact analysis

Regardless of the size of your business, a business impact analysis will help you predict the effect of a major disruption on your business. The first step is to list and prioritize your services, products and activities of primary importance. You will know where to focus your attention.

The likelihood of a given type of incident also to be considered. In this regard, the field of activity and the location of your business are often determining factors (for example, a business set up along a river is particularly vulnerable to floods). There are, however, almost universal threats to small businesses in all sectors, such as pandemics and cyber risk.  A modern business continuity strategy should therefore provide the best way to respond to a virus outbreak and to overcome phishing scams, malware attacks, and the countless other cyber threats that threaten connected devices.

Content of plan

There is a type of plan for each aspect of an emergency. The following three are separate, but work together to help your business recover from a crisis.

The intervention plan is executed during the crisis to manage and contain the damage from the incident, whether it is a natural disaster, a security breach or a cyber attack. The aim of such a plan is to limit the damage, but also the costs of the immediate incident – an important short-term intervention.

The disaster recovery plan comes into play after this initial reaction. It helps you put in place measures to continue to curb the damage and, like the previous plan, it must clearly define the role played by each in the resumption of activities.

When it comes to cyber risks, the disaster recovery plan focuses on data: it provides for example the restoration of the IT infrastructure (even for a very small network) and the recovery of backup copies stored outside the places. In the case of natural disasters, such as floods, uncontrolled fires, earthquakes and hurricanes, the measures to be planned are quite different: access to a generator, direct line of communication with equipment specialists and suppliers, etc. .

The business continuity plan , which is broader in scope than the disaster recovery plan, often incorporates elements from other plans. It covers the business as a whole, generally prioritizing business concerns, such as finding a safe workplace for employees and making public relations efforts to limit the damage. It also aims to ensure the uninterrupted operation of network connections, equipment and essential applications.

Call in an expert

Remember that a lot depends on your business continuity plan – including your reputation. And as news spreads quickly in this digital age, you need to react as quickly as possible to reassure your customers and partners when an incident interferes with your business. If you communicate honestly and effectively while executing your plan, you have a better chance of maintaining customer loyalty and competitive advantage.

Depending on the size and nature of your business, you could benefit from retaining the services of experts to develop good intervention, recovery and continuity plans. There are many things to consider, and as they say, “prevention is better than cure”. A risk management specialist can help you assess threats and enhance your strategy with carefully chosen monitoring and training solutions.

3 tips for developing a quality continuity plan

Whether your business is large or small, there are many things to consider. Disaster recovery and business continuity plan templates can then be useful, as they help you organize your strategy and get you thinking about things you might not have even thought of. However, any plan can and should be adapted to the reality of your business.

Here are some tips for creating a continuity plan that reflects your image.

1|    Two heads are better than one

Sure, imagining every possible disaster scenario is no easy task, but by bringing your team together to discuss glaring (and less glaring) risks now, you’ll be able to respond well to a crisis later.

To get started, ask yourself questions like:

Is our building vulnerable to extreme weather events or natural disasters?   If so, you could provide a remote secondary workplace to accommodate your team in the event of a forced evacuation. Also consider ways to improve your current warning or alarm systems to speed up your response.

Are our files up to date?   By having a comprehensive list of important contact information, such as suppliers, service providers, emergency services and equipment specialists, on hand, you can save a great deal of time and energy when you are busy work hard to prevent further damage and loss. Conversely, an outdated contact list could slow down your recovery efforts by several hours or even days.

How do we manage our data?   In the face of cybercrime advances, it is more important than ever to back up your essential files frequently to a shared or external drive. Cloud servers, for example, are a good way to recover your data quickly and securely. If you don’t have an IT department to keep your security measures up to date, don’t forget to train your employees on detecting and reducing cyber risks.

Are we a target for thieves and other criminals?   If you are working with high-value materials or goods, sensitive information or anything else that makes thieves attractive, your staff should know how to react in the event of a break-in or confrontation. Also consider modernizing your surveillance systems. This list is just a starting point: a ton of other things can influence your risk. This is why it is better to bring your team together to consider them from all angles.

2|   Divide and rule

Everyone must have – and know – their role in resuming activities. Emergencies are often chaotic, and without a clear division of tasks, the mess can quickly set in.

Here are some ideas to simmer:

  • If you do not have a public relations team, designate a person responsible for communications in the event of a crisis (by writing a statement in advance, you will facilitate their work).
  • Make sure a few employees have basic first aid training; they will be able to offer immediate assistance while waiting for help to arrive.
  • Train more than one person on important tasks to prevent everything from ending due to the absence of a key employee.
  • Don’t be the only person who knows where important documents are: keep a colleague secret so that he can access emergency numbers and insurance documents if you are not there.

A back-up plan will help your business continue its work through remote access to data, external arrangements and pre-written statements to explain the state of your operations. It can also be useful to group employees into sub-teams to better organize the response in the event of a crisis.

3|   It is practice makes perfect

It is not enough to put the recovery plan in place: it still has to be tested and adapted regularly. Once the procedure to be followed in the event of a fire, cyber attack, theft or other disaster is clearly communicated (and recorded), it is appropriate to test it.

Simulation exercises, hypothetical scenarios and ongoing staff training can all help you to check if your plan is working well. Found a weak spot? Make it right! The most important thing about a business continuity plan is that it works for your business. It must therefore be tested and revised often. The more you test it, the more you can refine it, the more your team masters it, and the better you will be able to react in an emergency.


Do you think honey is too rich, too sweet, and therefore the enemy of your line? Think again: it has many health benefits and even helps you get thinner!

What are the health benefits of honey?

  • Honey is a 100% natural food: the product of the long and laborious work of many bees, which make it from the nectar of the flowers they gather. There are many types of honeys, whose benefits and virtues vary, hence the importance of being well informed and choosing your honey well. The ideal then remains above all to combine or alternate them.
  • Honey has great health qualities. The best known grandmother’s throat remedy is to dilute it in hot tea or milk to treat irritation.
  • Honey is also used to sublimate the skin: it is a powerful healing agent, which can allow you to repair and moisturize your face if you apply it as a mask. Mix a teaspoon of honey and a teaspoon of yogurt, add the essential oils that match your skin type, and you will get a fresh mask very quick to make and easily ready to use. Honey will leave your skin soft and purified!

How to make honey the ally of your line?

Honey is a rich, sweet food with a pronounced taste. However, that doesn’t necessarily make it the worst enemy of diets, and it has many benefits. Indeed, honey is much better for your health than refined sugar, and replacing the two sugar stones of your morning tea with a teaspoon of honey can help you lose weight in the long term.

Get in the habit of replacing sugar, caramel, or Nutella on your pancakes with honey: you will find that little by little, your body will thank you. A hot drink made from honey and lemon juice when you are hungry can give your body a boost and a feeling of satiety, while eliminating a large number of toxins out of the body. It is an easy detox drink.

Honey: tips to extract the benefits

  • In addition to being a great antibacterial, honey is extremely rich in potassium, vitamins, and provides many essential trace elements to the human body. As it contains enzymes, it helps digestion, and its action is increased tenfold when combined with lemon.
  • After the meal and before bedtime: you can take a lemon juice diluted in hot water, and add a teaspoon of honey. This will decrease the acidity of the taste and promote digestion, as well as the elimination of certain fats.
  • When you treat yourself with essential oils, the benefits of honey are considerable: mixing your oils with honey can accentuate their healing properties. In case of sore throat: a drop of Niaouli and a drop of Tea Tree in a spoon of honey will relieve the irritation.


Batik is a Javanese word, which has the same origin as the word tiktik, which means point. The origins of Batik go back more than 1,000 years: it is a technique of printing fabrics made by hand, and practiced in many countries such as China, India, Burkina Faso and of course Indonesia.

The Batik technique was widely promoted in the late 19th and early 20th centuries due to its strong presence in Art Nouveau. Today, many visual artists are updating this technique.

The Batik creation process uses a unique skill called “savings”. This practice involves protecting the parts of the fabric that you do not want to color with hot wax, then drawing the patterns or dipping the fabric in dye baths. Then repeat this operation as many times as there are colors present on the fabric. Then the wax is removed with an iron or by soaking in boiling water. We then obtain a patterned fabric where different colors blend.

The diversity of patterns is a reflection of the different influences that Indonesia has undergone. From Arabic calligraphy to Chinese motifs to European floral art, the art of Batik is an illustration of Indonesian culture and expresses the creativity and spirituality of its people.

Indonesian Batik was inscribed in 2009 on the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity. Javanese Batik (from Java Island) is the finest and most elaborate of all. It is thanks to the Javanese Batik that this style of textile painting reached its peak. Java still hosts today the highest places of traditional Batik manufacturing, where two main styles stand out depending on the region: that of the center of the island with the royal cities of Solo, Banyumas and Yogyakarta, that of the north coast represented by the cities of Pekalongan, Cirebon and Lasem. We also find the styles of Pelambang and Jambi, two regions of Indonesia that have been influenced by Javanese.

Batik is present throughout the life of Indonesians: we find Batik specially decorated for births, mourning or to attend special events such as weddings, theater, artistic performances. There are also Batiks for pregnant women, while there are much more sober Batiks with patterns suitable for everyday life, which are frequently worn in the professional or university thousands.

Indonesian batik today

Although there is still a very lively African “Batik”, the Javanese artisans are today the most skillful and refined regulators of this method from the depths of the ages. The secrets of manufacturing Indonesian batik have been taught there from generation to generation, and family workshops are becoming scarce. The finesse of the designs and the depth of the colors are exceptional.

Defense of Indonesian craft batik

The knowledge of batik, demanding rigor and patience, is unfortunately endangered today by the printing industry.

Preserving the original technique of Indonesian batik and Javanese culture.

Equipment :

  • a square of white cotton fabric
  • a wooden frame to stretch the fabric
  • beeswax and paraffin
  • a gas stove to melt them
  • a “canting” (between the small spoon and the pen) to apply the wax

For the unique pieces of Indonesian batik, often made on silk, the drawing is traced with “canting” pencil with hot wax tank. This tool is also used in the production of Indonesian batiks to cover the parts to hide during the different dyeing passes. – baths of natural or chemical dyeing.

  • cotton swabs to apply the dye
  • soda to fix the dye
  • a hell of a lot of patience …

First phase:

The drawing. When choosing a pattern to make in batik, you must anticipate what will be represented in solid colors, and what will be represented by lines. And anticipate what you want to protect with wax (the light parts) and what you want to expose to the dye (the dark parts). We draw in pencil on the tight fabric.

Second phase:

Application of hot wax. We take the right dose of melted wax in its tank. We drain, we clean the end of the canting and … We draw directly on the fabric. The speed of the movement depends on the flow of wax, therefore the thickness of the line.

And there, it spoils … I have dexterity with a pencil, with a brush, with a pen … But there, you have to relearn EVERYTHING! I make spots everywhere, it drips, the line is irregular … It’s very frustrating! I think that it is necessary to train to make its ranges to master the handling of the tool, before launching for the first time on a large fabric. Otherwise, we pull our hair out.

I also used stamps, it is a copper stencil with spectacular patterns. They allow several patterns to be produced quickly on the surface of the fabric. For the batik artisanal series, always limited in quantities, the pattern is applied, printed with wax thanks to a copper pad, the design of which is made in fine and multiple strips worked and welded together. Some stamps are real works of art in themselves. The tincture of Indonesian batiks

Third phase:

The first coloring (with cotton swab or by soaking). We apply the pigments to the cotton swab, a little blind because the pigment solutions have a different color from the final rendering. Or we can proceed by dyeing the colors from the lightest to the darkest.

Again, you have to anticipate: Some colors can only be obtained by superimposing 2 dyes. Ex: Black is the result of a dark blue dye superimposed on a yellow dye!

 Fourth phase (optional):

New reserves are placed in the wax or paraffin (double-sided on the fabric) to protect the colors which will remain as they are. Ex: Red, sky blue, some yellows.

Wax or paraffin. Cracks are obtained by making reserves with paraffin (more brittle) instead of wax. Once the paraffin has cooled, just crumple by hand to get the cracks. You will see on the end result.

Fifth phase:

Remove the wax, either with an iron, or by soaking in boiling water. The process is also called “in reserve of wax”, or “coloring by savings”. Complementary processes can be used: use of a hot iron (sometimes with a complex pattern: dragon for example) to remove the wax at the locations of a coloring (often to facilitate the copying of repetitive patterns) – simple breaking of the wax to obtain fine lines partial scraping to obtain gradations, etc.

Finally, we obtain a fabric in which different tones or contrasts are juxtaposed or superimposed, forming all kinds of patterns.