Where you go to Rafting in Indonesia?

The Indonesian archipelago has a vast and very rich geography. Volcanoes, mountains, beaches, plains, rivers and jungles help shape the exotic landscapes of Indonesia. Between rafting, canoeing, kayaking, snorkeling and diving, nautical activities abound and adventurers and sports enthusiasts will always find their happiness!

On Bali, most travelers descend the Ayung river, suitable for rafting with friends or family. Located in the Ubud region, it is indeed the largest river on the Island of the Gods. Extending for almost 70 km, it offers many rapids, ideal for rafting. She finishes her race in Sanur. The Ayung River flows through mountains and jungle, offering an interesting tropical setting, as well as a variety of flora and fauna. Do not hesitate to open your eyes and admire the animals that live around the river! Maybe you will get a chance to spot iguanas or monkeys?

Other travelers are heading more towards the Telaga Waja river in Ubud. It takes its sources at Mont Abang and crosses the region around the village of Rendang. Slightly less touristy than the Ayung River, it nonetheless offers a pleasant and positive experience. The water is clear and the view along the river is worth the detour.

There are also rafting circuits on the other Indonesian islands. For example, the Aceh region of North Sumatra hosts the Alas River. Whitewater rafting enthusiasts will be delighted to go there. They will enjoy the crossing through the Mont Leuser National Park. Excursions lasting several days may in particular be offered. Note that some descents are more aimed at experienced adventurers.

In the Yogyakarta region of central Java, the Progo River is also suitable for rafting. Located not far from the temple of Borobudur, it ends up joining the Elo river. If you are traveling with your family, be aware that the routes remain accessible to children. The Citarik River near Mount Halimum National Park, west of Java also hosts some rafting tours.

North of Sulawesi, not far from Manado, the Nimanga river is proving to be a major challenge for those accustomed to rafting. Passing through a few traditional villages and leading to several waterfalls, it is a popular destination in the region. Still in the Minahasa region, let’s add the Ranoyapo and Sawangan rivers to the list. The currents are strong there and they are therefore more offered to experienced people.

How to speak of rivers and streams without thinking of Kalimantan? This Indonesian region of Borneo Island is home to a large number of streams and rivers, each winding between the wild jungles that cover most of the territory. The Lamandau River in the center of Kalimantan offers powerful rapids promising an unforgettable experience. It stretches for about 300 km and crosses the lands of the Dayak people and the Lamandau reserve, dedicated to the protection of orangutans in Borneo.

Ask before each activity to be sure that the course meets your expectations. The descents are generally accessible to as many people as possible and the safety instructions are clearly explained before departure. Rafting agencies provide the necessary equipment to all participants. An accompanist supervises the groups in particular to guide them and ensure safety.

Popular Indonesia dishes

Don’t leave Indonesia without tasting these 12 favorite local dishes

Indonesia is blessed with many natural wonders and a rich cultural heritage. This diversity is reflected in its arts, its architecture, its songs, its languages, and of course, its culinary preparations! If you are visiting Indonesia, make sure you don’t miss an opportunity to taste these 12 remarkable dishes!

1 | Nasi Goreng

“Nasi Goreng” means “fried rice”. The basic idea of ​​this dish is actually to avoid food waste because, originally, the rice used for this dish is the rest of dinner or lunch. It easy to find the Nasi Goreng. Almost all places, from the five-star restaurant to the street stall. The right time to eat the dish is also very versatile; whether for breakfast or dinner, it’s up to you.

The taste of this preparation is a typical sweet, salty and slightly spicy mixture. There are many type of toppings that can fit into Nasi Goreng, such as minced chicken, sausage or fish. The garnish is usually topped with cucumber and egg slices.

2 | Sate

The “Sate” are skewers essentially composed of slices of grilled marinated meat strung on bamboo stems and grilled over an open fire with charcoal. In Indonesia you can find sate made from different types of meat, such as chicken, beef, lamb, scallops and fish. Before being grilled, the meat will first be marinated with a tasty sauce. Sates are served with many types of toppings, such as peanut sauce, sliced ​​shallots and diced tomatoes, or spicy yellow sauce.

Almost every region in Indonesia has its preparation. For example “Sate Ayam” (Chicken), “Sate Kambing” (Lamb) are the most popular on the whole island of Java. For in Bali, these are the “Sate Lilit” which can be made from grilled chicken, or fish prepared with grated coconut and coconut milk.

3 | Soto

Soto is a soup that is also found almost everywhere in Indonesia. A bowl of Soto basically contains “bihun” (rice noodles), sliced ​​cabbage, a handful of bean sprouts and meat. Its broth is clear and flavored with turmeric, lemongrass, shallots and garlic.

The type of meat used for soto may vary, depending on its originality and where it is served. The most common Soto in almost all parts of Indonesia are Soto Ayam (chicken) and “Soto Babat” (cow or goat offal). You can also taste the Soto Betawi in Jakarta which has a thick and creamy broth.

4 | Gado-gado

If you are a vegetarian or just someone who doesn’t like to eat meat, then you can try this traditional Indonesian salad called Gado-gado. Gado-gado basically means “mixture”, derived from the way it is served, which mixes steamed vegetables with peanut sauce.

A plate of Gado-gado usually contains steamed spinach, bean sprouts, green beans and corn. It also includes cucumber, boiled apples, hard-boiled egg, and fried tofu and tempeh. For the final touch, these ingredients are mixed together with a creamy peanut sauce. You can also choose the variety of vegetables and the taste of the peanut sauce, which can be spicy or sweet.

5 | Rendang

Rendang is a preparation of spicy meat. It can be made from beef or lamb. A plate of Rendang offers a mixture of spicy and creamy taste by a combination of chili and coconut milk. Some people think that Rendang is similar to Curry, but it is not soup like curry at all.

This dish is originally from the Minangkabau tribe, west of Sumatra, and is usually served on special occasions like Eid al-Fitr. However, you can easily find this dish all over Indonesia, especially in Padang restaurants.

6 | Bakso

Another popular street food in Indonesia is Bakso or meatball soup. The meatball is usually made from a mixture of tapioca flour, salt and ground beef, but you can also find chicken, fish, pork or shrimp dumplings as appropriate. Sometimes the meatball is also filled with various contents, like eggs or cheese.

A bowl of Bakso consists of broth, meatballs, rice noodles, vegetables, tofu and bean sprouts. Fried shallots and celery are sprinkled there, sometimes with a supplement of wonton (Chinese ravioli).

7 | Mie Ayam

Mie Ayam is a chicken noodle dish. It is one of the popular dishes that you can easily find all over the street stalls. Generally it is also served with Bakso.

A bowl of Mie Ayam contains a handful of boiled wheat noodles garnished with diced chicken. Once boiled, the noodle is seasoned with a mixture of cooking oil, soy sauce and garlic. The combination of these ingredients creates a fusion of sweet and salty flavors that melt in your mouth. Really delicious!

8 | Batagor

Batagor is an acronym for “bakso tahu goreng” actually “tofu fried fish balls”. This food looks like a fried dumpling, it is an authentic snack created by the Sundanese, an ethnic group from West Java.

The mixture of tofu and fish paste will be covered with wonton skin before being fried. Later, the dish will be served with peanut sauce and lime juice. You can also request a spicy condiment to add more flavor.

9 | Tongseng

Another dish that should be on your Indonesian culinary list is meat with curry soup called Tongseng. Lamb, mutton or beef is used for this preparation. The dish is creamy and spicy because it contains coconut milk and various spices such as garlic, shallots, black pepper, ginger, coriander, galangal and lemongrass.

The word tongseng comes from the friction sound of the spatula on the wok when frying the meat. The preparation comes from Central Java, where you can easily find restaurants or stalls selling this food.

10 | Ketupat Sayur

A plate of Ketupat Sayur contains sliced ​​ketupat (rice cakes boiled in braided coconut leaves) and a vegetable stew with coconut milk. Sometimes it is accompanied by tofu and tempeh cooked with soy sauce.

Usually you can see the vendors of Ketupat Sayur going around the streets pushing their restaurant carts or carrying their baskets of food on their shoulders. This dish is quite versatile. You can eat it for breakfast or dinner.

11 | Ketropak

This vegetarian street food is native to Jakarta, the capital of Indonesia. It’s basically a plate of rice vermicelli mixed with fried tofu, vegetables, rice cake, blanched bean sprouts and shrimp crackers topped with peanut sauce and sweet soy sauce.

Fun fact, this dish has the same name as a Javanese theater performance which is also called Ketoprak!

12 | Bubur

In Indonesia, rice porridge is not limited to Bubur Ayam with its tasty taste. They can also have the creamy and sweet taste of rice flour, coconut milk and palm sugar. Unlike Bubur Ayam, the sweet variants of Indonesian porridge like Bubur Sumsum and Bubur Candil are served as a dessert presented on a banana leaf plate. You can easily find this dish in traditional markets.

Mudik! Eid al-Fitr Indonesia muslim tradition

May 27, 2019

Over 19 million Indonesians are ready to travel from big city in Indonesia by road, sea and air over the weekend to celebrate the holidays of Eid al-Fitr, which begins this Sunday.

Millions of Indonesians move during Eid al-Fitr. The massive push of travelers, known as Mudik – or pulang kampung (return home) – has become an Indonesian Muslim tradition.

Just like in Jakarta, those who work in the city can only go back to their hometown during the long holiday, which is during the Eid al-Fitr holiday. So that this momentum extends and looks so developed into a phenomenon.

The media also has a big role in comparing the activities of returning home to become a mandatory tradition during Eid. With the company and government programs that facilitate the activities of returning home, this tradition has also grown and seems to be a necessity.

There are things that make migrants must carry out returning home. First going home to be a way to find blessings because they can stay in touch with family, relatives, and neighbors. This activity is also a reminder of the origin of the area for those who wander.

The homecoming tradition for nomads in the capital city also aims to demonstrate the existence of its success. As well as being a place to share with relatives who have long been left behind to share in their success overseas. Going home is also a psychological therapy utilizing the Eid al-Fitr holiday to travel after a busy year in work routines, so that when he comes to work again he has a new spirit.

But even though this Eid is a long-awaited moment, there are important things that must be prepared in advance.

The struggle to get a “TICKET” is one of the frightening specters for most people who want to go home to their hometown.

The struggle to return home is indeed not easy, we must be prepared to jostle in terminals, stations, and even airports. Even though on a normal day, these 3 places won’t be crowded.

The travelers are willing to traffic jams to pay more to Mudik Eid al-Fitr. The severity of the challenges and struggles faced by travelers, has never dampened their intention and willingness to go home.

BROMO CALDERA, a beautiful mountain in East Java

Visit the Bromo caldera last May, our goal was to sleep in the village of Cemoro Lawang because it is at the heart of the action. There are hotels and “homestays” located a few kilometers away, but you would then be dependent on jeeps to get to the viewpoint in the middle of the night.

From Yogyakarta, we first went to the big city of Probolinggo by train. Two trains leave Yogyakarta in the morning, around 7 a.m. and 9 a.m. The journey takes approximately 9 hours. The seats are not very comfortable, there is little leg room, but it is very clean and there are power outlets available. Train times are easily found on the Internet or book train tickets online via Traveloka apps.

Arrived at Probolinggo, yellow bemos wait in front of the station. These are vans that serve as shared taxis. Other tourists will get off the same train as you, so get on with them. Then the scam (or almost) is well established, because when you claim the bus terminal, they will in fact drop you in front of a tourist minibus agency. The rates offered by the agency are not excessive, at 60,000 IDR / 4,5 USD per person with good conditions of comfort. The minibus leaves as soon as it is full and the climb to Cemoro Lawang takes 1.5 hours.

Sleep in Cemoro Lawang

It’s a real problem. Since most tourists leave after half a night, few owners make the effort to offer beautiful rooms. If comfort is not your priority, it is very easy to find a free room without reservation, even in high season. Ask around as soon as you get out of the bus and in less than two minutes you can drop off your luggage. However, you will understand, the price / quality ratio will be poor: between 150,000 IDR/ 12 USD and 200,000 IDR /15 USD for a small dirty room seems to be the current price. Our homestay was called Yog Bromo but we are not sure to recommend it. Bring a meat bag as only the bottom sheet and a wool blanket are provided. No towel either. The lack of air conditioning is not a problem as it is cool.

If you want a little more comfort, book as soon as possible to find a place in a highly rated establishment. Again, that’s what we would do. But be careful, don’t rush. The majority of hotels available online are far from the caldera, which will not be practical at all to follow our hiking tips later in the article. Book in the village glued to the crater and not in the back villages, you can easily go wrong.

The top rated accommodation while being close to the starting point of the hike is the Guesthouse Gunung Bromo (~ 45 USD).

Another cheaper option is the Bromo Otix Guest House (~ 20 USD), tested and approved by our readers.

Eating at Cemoro Lawang

Cafe Lava is the most famous restaurant in town. Now this restaurant is a calamity. Half the menu was not available, the service was disastrous and they cooked us the worst possible version of the dishes we ordered. Special mention for the tomato soup: pieces of raw tomatoes floating in a cup of hot water!

The alternative we found on the second evening is Cemara Indah, more expensive but with decent food, good wifi and large, rather pleasant room.

Readers tell us about another address they spotted: “To eat, very pleasant surprise, just after the village fork (where the public buses are waiting) in the direction of Cemara Indah. There is a warung with a red facade (on the right). PS: the facade is more of a wood color than red according to other readers, who also approve of the address.

Walk in the caldera and on Mount Bromo

If you are still motivated, we advise you to continue on this good streak and to walk in the Bromo caldera on foot rather than by jeep or motorbike.

Mount Bromo in activity, Indonesia

Again, it’s simple, and it’s even free! The main path is chargeable (and expensive), but there is an alternative passage in the middle of the village. Nobody buys it and it is used by the people of the village and their horses, so it must be believed that it is not so illegal to borrow it. We took 1.5 hours from the village to the top of the Bromo crater, 3 hours in total with the return. At the start the volcano seems close but it is an optical effect. It’s surely also easier and faster when the ashes do not fly. If you don’t want to walk, you can easily find jeeps or motorbikes that will approach you a few hundred meters from the volcano. Then it’s horses that can take you up the stairs. But on the latter, you will have to climb without help.

Some additional tips for the sunrise over Bromo

  • We used our cell phone flashlight, which saved us from investing in a headlamp. The battery holds surprisingly long.
  • You don’t really need a hat (even though some hat sellers guarantee it’s freezing cold at the top of the mountain). We were hot during the hike, it’s only the wait at the top which is a little cool. With two pullovers, an anorak and socks as mittens (!), We were fine.
  • You will meet other tourists during the climb, so you will never be completely alone in the dark, do not panic!
  • This hike is free because it does not pass inside the park. Do not listen to those who tell you otherwise.

Some additional tips on the Bromo caldera

  • There are days with dust and days without dust. In our case there were many, which did not prevent us from embarking on the adventure.
  • Take a scarf or scarf that allows you to both breathe and see through. Even if there is little dust in the caldera, there will be some at the top of the crater.
  • Don’t forget to put on sunscreen. It is at altitude and the white of the ashes reflects the light a little like snow. Result, we ended up a little red even though we had spread. And putting cream on top is not easy, with all the dust flying!
  • Provide water, we have
  • Bring some water, we drank almost a liter each.
  • Watch out for cameras. For example, dust can get into the inner workings of the zoom and block it.

How to deal with Tantrum

TANTRUM IN CHILDREN

Crises: a normal stage of development

Anger attacks are part of the normal development of the child, especially at the age when he begins to develop his autonomy, that is from 18 months. Some attacks last only a few minutes, but others can last for more than an hour.

Some children are more likely to have seizures than others. This may be due to the fact that they have a more assertive temperament or even less tolerance for frustration. It is also observed that tantrums are more common in children who are less comfortable expressing their dissatisfaction verbally. Their anger will then manifest itself in cries and gestures.

During a crisis, the child can:

  • yell;
  • cry;
  • kick, punch or head;
  • bite;
  • rolling on the ground or having uncontrolled gestures (“make the bacon”);
  • throw objects;
  • refuse to be caught;
  • hold your breath (do not worry, no intervention is necessary: ​​he will start to breathe normally by himself).

Why is he having crises?

For a toddler, crises are often a way of reacting when he feels overwhelmed by the intensity of his feelings or needs, and when he cannot express them. Even for a child who speaks well, putting words into their emotions and feelings is difficult and requires practice and encouragement.

Seizures often occur when a toddler:

  • cannot do what he wishes (faces a constraint);
  • must do something he doesn’t want;

Managing emotions is difficult for toddlers, which is why a child who is fluent in language can also have tantrums.

  • is overwhelmed by feelings of helplessness, frustration, anger, anxiety or even fear;
  • is tired, hungry, excited, or not well
  • fails to do something they want to do on their own;
  • lack of words to express themselves;
  • discovered by experience that a crisis allows him to get what he wants;
  • wants attention, perhaps because he feels left out, ignored or alone, or, on the contrary, because he tends to monopolize attention.

How to deal with tantrums?

Whatever the reasons for your child’s outbursts, here are some guidelines to help you deal with them:

  • Start by trying to appease and calm your child by naming his emotion: “I see that you are very angry! But don’t insist. If you try to reason with it, the crisis is likely to last longer. He’s probably in no condition to listen to you.
  • If your little one is not listening to you, observe him from afar and let the crisis pass without intervening, except to ensure his safety. So you have to stop it if it hits you or someone else, if it hits itself or if it throws objects. You can keep other people and things away from your child during the crisis. Wait until she has passed to chat with him.
  • Keep calm during the crisis, because getting carried away with your child would only make things worse. So, if you raise your voice, it will shout louder, not to mention that you may also scare it. If you are upset and another adult is present to keep your little one safe, stay away for a few minutes to regain your composure. If you are alone with your child, take a deep breath to regain control of your emotions.
  • Remember that it is important not to give in when he is angry, even if it is very tempting to give him what he wants when he hits you and yells in public. Even if you give in only once or twice, you teach him that his outbursts are an effective way to get what he wants.
  • If you are in a public place, do not worry about what people around you think: for each person who is critical of you, there is another who is understanding and sincerely sympathetic. Focus on the best way to deal with the situation and remember that perfect parents do not exist.
  • When the crisis is over, hold your child against you to calm and reassure him. These outbursts of anger, which he has difficulty controlling, also affect him. Help him talk about what happened, how he felt and why he was angry. If he doesn’t speak yet, do it for him. For example, say, “You wanted to do a nice tower with your blocks, but it always fell when you put the blue block. It made you angry and you started screaming. “
  • Suggest one or two things your child can do instead of a seizure. He will thus know that there are other means than shouts and blows to express his dissatisfaction. For example, he can breathe a few times like a butterfly when he feels anger rising in him, that is to say, take a deep breath by opening his arms like the wings of a butterfly and exhale by closing “his wings On his heart. Your little one can also say he is angry with words or draw his anger.
  • Do not put your child aside when he has an angry outburst, as this could cause him anxiety. Stay in his line of sight, as he is probably as upset as you are by his own reactions.

How to prevent crises?

Even if seizures are part of normal children’s development, you can help your toddler reduce the frequency. To prevent a crisis in public, clearly explain your rules before going out. Remember, however, that no parent can prevent all of their child’s tantrums. Here are some tips for reducing your child’s outbursts.

Meeting basic needs

  • Follow a stable routine for meals, snacks, and sleep.
  • Avoid making your child too tired or hungry. When you go out, remember to bring a snack.
  • If your child starts to show restlessness, try to see if he is tired, hungry, lack of space to play, etc.
  • If you know you are going to a place that he will find boring, consider taking things that can keep him busy.

Act before the first signs of anger

  • Place objects that he must not touch outside his reach and his field of vision in order to avoid temptations and, subsequently, crises.
  • Distract his attention when you feel his anger building up or take him to another room.
  • Find strategies to prevent your usual frustrations. For example, if your child often gets angry when his little sister defeats the puzzle he is doing, offer him to sit at the kitchen table rather than on the floor.
  • When you go out together, let him know what’s coming. If, for example, you go to the grocery store , tell him in advance that you are not going to buy him a treat, but that you will let him choose the cereals. You can also give it a small task to accomplish. For example, ask him to put oranges in a bag or to show you red, yellow objects, etc. When their brain is focused on a task, your little one is less likely to have a seizure.

Encourage other ways to express frustration

  • Help your child express his feelings in words and tell you how he is feeling. By encouraging him to talk about how he feels, you can help him better control his emotions and not be overwhelmed by them.
  • Be patient and try to set a good example for him. If you try to control your anger and frustration, your little one will tend to do the same. On the other hand, it is difficult to demand that he stop getting angry if you get carried away at the slightest glitch. When the situation is right, say out loud what you do to make yourself feel better when something bothers you, for example: “I’m disappointed that Martine doesn’t come for supper, but I’ll watch a good movie instead . “
  • Praise your child when they are able to express their negative emotions and needs in words rather than in crises.

When to consult?

Usually, tantrums tend to decrease in intensity and frequency around 3 or 4 years of age. Your child then develops better self-control of his impulses and can also express himself better with words. However, if he continues to have several attacks per week and their intensity does not decrease (your child has trouble calming down, he injures himself or others), a consultation with his doctor or the CLSC in your area would be desirable. His outbursts may be hiding another problem that specialists will help you spot. So together you can find ways to help him.

To remember

  • Anger is a normal stage in a child’s development, which occurs mostly between the ages of 18 and 36 months.
  • When your child has a tantrum, try to stay calm. Getting angry will only make things worse.
  • It is not possible to prevent all of your child’s tantrums, but you can help them decrease the frequency and intensity.

Counter-expertise in Property Insurance

COUNTER-EXPERTISE IN THE EVENT OF A FIRE OR FLOOD DISASTER

It is not uncommon for the amount of compensation offered by insurance companies in the event of fire or flood claims to be deemed too small. Therefore, do not limit yourself to the opinion of the expert of your insurer, and seek the judgment of a counter-expert or private expert! Discover in this article the multitude of advantages of its intervention in the case of complete claims.

What are the advantages of calling upon a counter-expert in the event of a claim?

When unfortunately a complete fire or flood disaster occurs in a home, it is mandatory to notify your insurance company in order to be compensated. The insurer will assess the compensation to which the victim of the disaster is entitled by appointing a real estate expert to estimate the damage related to the disaster. It is on the basis of this expert’s report that the compensation will be calculated. If, however, the person concerned disputes the amount of compensation, he may call on a counter-expert to review upwards the amount deemed insufficient.

There are also other cases. There is no need to wait for the insurer to send its own expert. You are legally entitled to anticipate things, and to dispatch a counter-expert or private expert directly after the occurrence of the fire or water damage. This will save you precious time.

The value of a second opinion is major in order to obtain optimal financial compensation for the damage caused by the fire or the flood. It is common knowledge that insurance companies do their best to compensate their clients as thinly as possible, and to avoid any intervention by a counter-expert. This will allow you to benefit from an objective external opinion, to counterbalance the poor proposal of the insurer and to increase the amount of compensation through negotiations with the insurance company.

In addition to this major advantage, the counter expert will:

  • Establish damage files for movable and immovable property;
  • Compose the claim for compensation;
  • Defend the interests of the victims vis-à-vis the insurer;
  • Take the first precautionary measures.

Be aware that in the event of serious disagreement, the client can sue the insurance company. If necessary, the judge may mandate a judicial real estate expert to assess the damage and estimate the amount of compensation. This judicial real estate expert also intervenes in the event of disagreement during an inventory, problems of servitude or joint ownership, inheritance, etc.

Counter-expert fees: which part to pay them?

It is logical for the insurance to pay the fees of the counter-expert, but be vigilant with the clauses of the contract that you signed with your insurance company. Some of them do not stipulate anything in this regard in their contracts, which means in other words that it is the client who is unjustly responsible for paying the costs generated by the second opinion. Other insurers mention this aspect in their insurance policies, but limit the amount of fees covered. So keep an eye on the general conditions and the specific conditions of your contract. Be sure to sign a document in good and due form with an insurance company that pays fees for a second opinion deemed “normal”.

Counter-expertise: a service to request yourself, or via an insurance broker

It is obvious, in view of the aforementioned information, that it is not the insurance companies who will contact a real estate expert for you to carry out a second opinion of the damage caused by the disaster. It’s really up to you, or your insurance broker if you have one. This is also a good intermediary between the victim and the insurance company in the event of complete claims. He is also independent and therefore theoretically disinterested in the commercial objectives of insurance companies. He can therefore provide objective advice to the victim without lucrative ulterior motives.

Yogyakarta: Cultural capital of Java

An essential step in any Indonesian trip, Yogyakarta is “special”: it is the qualifier used for the 2,000 km² region, located in the center of the island of Java, of which it is the capital. Here is the heiress of Javanese kingdoms dating back to the 8th century, then of a sultanate, the proud guardian of sites, arts and traditions classified by Unesco: Borobudur and Prambanan, batikfabrics, wayang puppets.

Yogyakarta, heart of Java

Unofficial but prestigious, the status of historical-cultural capital gives Yogyakarta (approx. 1,000,000 inhabitants) a unique role in the Indonesian space, dominated by Java .

From the 5 to the 16C, Hinduism and Buddhism irrigated the region, before the progressive installation of Islam, then its domination. But the everyday and the spiritual remain marked by the animism and the past power of Javanese Hinduism, as evidenced by the spectacular Prambanan temple.

By importing new artistic and cultural expressions and renewing the old ones, the regional advent of Islam generated a so-called Islamo-Javanese space. The numerous Indian, Chinese and Western traders, particularly the Portuguese and then the Dutch colonizers, enriched this substrate.

At the independence of the country, the Sultanate of Yogyakarta is maintained to thank the patriotism of its sovereign. Respected, this aristocratic character explains the conservation of monuments and traditional habitats.

Besides the archaeological remains, the region is also well endowed with interesting landscapes. The hilly countryside is watched full north by the powerful silhouette of the Merapi volcano (alt: 2,900 m), sacred to the Javanese.

There is no shortage of places to see in a close radius: 60 km to the northeast, the city of Solo (Surakarta) , a princely cousin; 40 km further on Candi Sukuh , a temple with erotic sculptures dominating superb tea plantations; 150 km north-west the strange and smoking Dieng plateau ; 130 km due north, Semarang and its unknown but remarkable Sino-colonial heritage, and 70 km to the east, the port of Jepara from where embarked on researchers of islands magnetized by the Karimunjawa archipelago.

Yogyakarta: the discovery; Jl Malioboro, his thrilling axis

From a plane window at night, the large Yogyakarta resembles a giant inlay of phosphorescent mother-of-pearl.

One more megalopolis? The worry fades after landing. Rarely exceeding 3 floors, the center of “Jogja”, well maintained and tolerable traffic, distills an almost peaceful atmosphere, compared to the chaos of other large cities of Indonesia.

With a density of 10,000 inhabitants / km² (two times less than Paris), Jogja is a city of kampung , neighborhoods of village spirit where we advise to get lost. Maisonettes and villas, from the modest to the most opulent of colonial inspiration, remain the majority. Consistency is reinforced by the tiled roofs, ranging from simple two-sided to elegant four-sided tipped so-called ” joglo “, too often dismantled and sent to Bali.

Aligned with Merapi and Kraton, the central north-south axis is materialized from Tugu station by the famous avenue Jl Malioboro which concentrates the maximum animation, the armada of khaki lima mobile kitchens contributing until late in the night. The name of these local Champs-Élysées, in addition to popular, is the subject of conjecture. One of them refers to a pub for famous cigarettes, which used to be located just outside the station!

Dedicated to trade and to the walker of onlookers-clients, its wide sidewalks shared with horse-drawn carriages and becak scooters run alongside shops of all kinds, including many clothes and batiks. On the west side, the arcades recall a Sino-colonial past, masked by the disparity of styles and the absence of sinograms.

More than an avenue, Malioboro defines a district incorporating many perpendiculars.

To the north, Jl. Sosrowijayan heads west. Cut off from gangs (aisles in Indonesian), it irrigates an “international village” of boarding houses and resto-bars very frequented. Further south on the east side, the large Beringharjo market precedes Fort Vredeburg , the southwest corner of which looks at kilometer 0 of the city, marking the passage to the historic hypercentre.

The Kraton district, Jl. Prawirotaman and Kota Gede

Beyond km 0, the square and grassy square Alun Alun Utara , flanked by the Sonobudoyo museum to the northwest, is planted with two enclosed groves, objects of an amusing belief: move away, cover your eyes and try to pass between … Don’t laugh.

Much larger than the only fraction that can be visited today, the actual perimeter of the Kraton  (1 km2), the palace of the sultans, formerly included this square. Witness this change of scale, the crenellated walls and white doors with floral decorations giving the district its elegance.

At the option of walks, we discover interesting neighborhoods, like the one near Taman Sari , mixing its traditions with street art.

At the southern end of the Kraton, the square Alun Alun Kidul is smaller than its twin, but very busy at night.

To the south-west of the palace, Jl. Prawirotaman orientates east-west a mixed district, both touristy (hotels, resto-bars) and arty: galleries, trendy shops, street art (see below).

Opposite side of Jl. Parangritis, Tirtodipuran Street extends west this sector where travelers always end up meeting.

5 km east of Jogja, Kota Gede was the first capital of the sultanate. The ancient tombs of N’Dalem Natan are only accessible when guided. Remained quite traditional – lively market, many typical houses – this village is famous for the work of money. Boutique-factories like HS Silver are full of beautiful objects and jewellery, repairs are possible, all at an ultra-competitive price.

The heritage of the sultanate: the Kraton and Taman Sari

Without being extraordinary, the Kraton , palace of the sultans of Jogja, is a majestic and living space. If you visit the right one! (See the warning in the practical sheet).

In the first courtyard, representations of gamelan or dance orchestras are organized every morning under the pavilion. Ask about schedules at the entrance.

The largest and most important bale (open pavilion) of the palace occupies the following courtyard. Evidenced by its luxury and details: Carrara marbles, pillars with subtle decorations, Buddhist symbols of the Lotus, etc. Neighboring kiosks and galleries covered with beautiful tiled roofs lined with lambrequins, and a courtyard where beautiful colonial-style mansions nestle.

The visit continues through smaller courtyards and exhibition halls where curiosities, utensils, dishes, photos and sometimes surprising diplomatic gifts bear witness to a bygone era. Do not miss the batik museum.

Formerly inside the Kraton, the Taman Sari , “Garden of Flowers” in Javanese, was dedicated to relaxation. More aquatic, it surrounded a lake in particular, as its English nickname of Water Castle recalls. Only the baths are mostly kept. Several beautiful doors with ornate pediments and elegant bricks covered with lime make up an atypical decor, a mixture of Javanese, Western styles and Hindu symbolism.

From the small tower overlooking the large enclosed pool, the sultans watched those they intended to swim in the harem, installed here …

The museums of Yogyakarta

Modest and shy museography, the Sonobudoyo museum is however essential.

In the prehistoric halls, classic then Islamic , we notice the bronze drums known as Dongson, a superb Buddhist bell plated with silver, fine carved wooden trays and manuscripts on lontar palm. Covered in ancient Javanese writing, they are still used in Bali, while Islam and its colorful illustrations imposed paper on Java.

The batik section describes the production phases and the Javanese motifs, linked to the nature, daily and religious, of this mode of textile printing classified by Unesco.

The Art Performance rooms recall the distracting, but also royal and religious character of these expressions. In stars, the wayang puppets (superb performances daily except Sun from 8 to 10 p.m.), kulit (flat, shadow theater type) or golek (in 3 D) are also protected by Unesco, for the multiple talents that they require. There follows a magnificent collection of topeng theater masks.

The following rooms are used for decorations and utensils from Javanese houses, kriss magic daggers, as well as traditional toys and games.

The pavilion at the entrance houses an impressive meeting of wooden and metal gamelans. Remarkable Wayang Kulit puppet shows are regularly organized in the evening.

At the Sultan’s carriage museum , the ceremonial models are as kitsch as they are luxurious.

Yogyakarta: from traditions to contemporary arts

Strengthened by its traditions and its special status, Jogja is constantly reinventing itself .Music, dance, theater, graphic arts and street art are of great vitality there. Accepted on the identity card, the mention “artist” is a source of respect. A biennal has been organized since 1988.

Indonesia is in the top three worldwide for the use of social networks. While drawing the country towards consumerism and immediacy, they nevertheless boost the creativity and impact of artists. But, unlike the Balinese Hindu and cosmopolitan context, digesting social developments, the conservative push suffered by Javanese Islam affects socio-cultural life. Is this why Jogja’s artistic scene is sometimes discreet, even underground?

Discretion is not unique to street art , an area in which Jogja has an international aura and has several recognized local artists and collectives.

Favorite of expats, flashpackers and digital nomads, the Prawirotaman Tirtodipuran district naturally plays an incubator and exchange role “East Meets West”.

A beautiful modern space with a mezzanine, the Kedai Kebun  gallery combines boutique artist workshops and café-restaurants. Nearby: Cemeti, one of the oldest galleries; further south, Ace House Collective mixing art and grocery.

The periphery is not to be outdone. 6 km south-east, the village of Jeblog in Bantul serves as a living scene for community street art. In the same vein, about 7 km further, street art tours are organized in Gendeng .

Organic and fair trade have met with a strong response from the younger generations. The Vla-vla agency-café-restaurant-boutique is a good example.

The Mitoni: seven months pregnancy ceremony in Javanese culture

The Mitoni Ritual

Mitoni comes from a Pitu word. Pitu means the number seven, then it becomes the word Pitulungan. Pitulungan has a sense of begging for help from God. So Mitoni is a ritual which aims to implore an aid to God so that the embryo and its mother are healthy.

The Mitoni ritual, also known as Tingkeban, is performed when a woman is pregnant with her first child and has spent seven months. Generally, it is organized on Wednesday or Saturday, the 13-15 of Javanese calendar, but do not pass the date of 15.

This ceremony is organized at their home, at the woman’s parents, or at the man’s parents.

According to the theme, there are seven stages in this ceremony:

1| Sungkeman

The woman and her husband bow down to their parents to ask for the blessing that the pregnancy will go as planned until delivery.

2| Siraman or wash

Siraman means to take a bath. Its purpose is to purify the woman and the baby in her breast morally and physically.

We do it in a place that we have already prepared before with the beautiful decoration and we call it Krobongan.

The number seven becomes the symbol of the Mitoni ritual according to the theme, so it is always used at the parties of this ceremony.

To make the Siraman, we use water that is taken from seven different sources. Then, it is collected in a brass bucket, then it is sprinkled with flowers such as roses, jasmines, michelies (kantil), canangas. These various flowers symbolize purity.

Seven people are chosen to represent the other members of the family to make the Siraman.

To clean the flowers which remain on the head and also on the body of the woman, one uses the last water which put in a kendil or a jar. After that, this jar is thrown to the ground by the woman until this jar is broken. If the jar neck is in an intact state, then her baby will be a boy. But if she shatters, her baby will be a line.

3| After the siraman

The husband must put an egg in his wife’s sarong, on his stomach, then he drops it until it falls to the ground. This ritual symbolizes a hope that the baby will be born easily like this egg.

4| The Brojolan ritual

That is to say membrojolkan or to bring in a couple of cengkir (the young coconut). But first, we must draw the figure of Kamajaya and Dewi Ratih to these cengkir. His trial is like the 3rd ritual. But what does it is her mother, it is not her husband. When his mother brings in the Cengkir couple, his mother-in-law must take them. Then, his mother carries them in her arms like holding a child, then her husband takes one of the cengkir without seeing him. If he takes the cengkir that looks like Dewi Ratih, his baby will be a girl and on the contrary. After that, he cuts it using the cutter, if this cengkir is split in half, his baby will be a girl, but if he is not split in half, his baby will be a boy.

5| In the 5th ritual

The woman must change the clothing with seven fabrics which have the different pattern. The purpose of this ritual is for the baby to go to have seven goodnesses like the goodnesses of these tissues. Whenever she changes the fabric to the 6th fabric, the presenter will ask the guests is it beautiful or not? and the guests will respond “Not yet! “When she wears the 7th cloth, the guests will say” Yes, it’s beautiful! ”

The patterns of these fabrics are:

Sidomukti it symbolizes happiness, Sidoluhur it symbolizes glory, Truntum it has the symbol of sticking firmly to kindness, Parangkusuma it symbolizes the struggle to survive, Semen Rama he symbolizes a hope that his parents will always love each other, Udan Riris it symbolizes a hope that the baby will always make men happy, Cakar Ayam it symbolizes a hope so that this child will be independent. The last fabric is best. It has the Lasem or Dringin motiv. The Lasem motif is the vertical line motif, its meaning is a relationship between men and God. While the Dringin motif is the horizontal motif which signifies a relationship in society.

6| The 6th ritual

The husband must cut the jack of janur / lawe (the young coconut palm) which is surrounded by his wife’s belly with Brojol kriss, but before putting turmeric at the end. The purpose of this ritual is to cut the misfortune that will happen at the time of birth.

7| The last one is Rujakan

The woman makes the rujak of seven kinds of fruit. If the rujak taste is spicy, her baby will be a girl. Then the guests buy it with clay money, which is called kreweng.

In this ritual there are offerings that must be completed, these are:

  • Seven kinds of fruit for rujakan.
  • Seven kinds of porridge.
  • Cakes (you have to buy them at the traditional market).
  • A large tumpeng, and six small tumpeng that we put around the large tumpeng.

Javanese culture has linked with Islam, so in every ritual or ceremony there are elements of the Islam religion, because the majority of our ancestors are Muslim.

One of the Javanese rituals is the Mitoni ritual. There is a philosophy on the number seven in this ritual. The number seven is considered the sacred number, because it is taken from the number of days in a week, the number of verses from Al-Fatiha, seven layers of the sky, and seven members of the body who bow down when -we pray, these are the head, the two soles of the feet, the two soles of the hands, and the two knees. They are proven in the Qur’an.

Javanese people call the age of seven months pregnant Sapta Kawasa Jati. Sapta-tujuh-seven, kawasa-kekuasaan-power, jati-nyata-real. The meaning of this name is on the power of God, the baby can be born with good health and perfect when he is seven months old in his mother’s womb. Because according to them, at this age, the embryo has already had the full body member, it is not the premature baby. But if it is not born yet, we must do the Mitoni ritual.

According to the epistemology of java, the Mitoni ceremony contains the important elements in epistemology, these are the people, the time, and the place. More and more this ritual provokes many myths which are believed by the Javanese and even are practiced in daily life until now.

In the paradigm of Islam, Javanese traditions are considered to be deviation from religion. But according to the Javanese, they are the way to get closer to God at the same time to ensure the continuity of their culture. Its primary purpose is to simplify religious practice in the traditional way in keeping with their daily lives, this is not polytheism.

five cities to discover by train from Jakarta

Five cities to discover by train from Jakarta

The train can be a nice way to travel on Java. They are comfortable, air conditioned and the price of tickets is relatively inexpensive. We offer five destinations from Jakarta, the trains all leave from Gambir station located in Menteng.

Cirebon

Located 220 km from Jakarta it will take you 3 hours to get to this small provincial town. By leaving early in the morning you can go back and forth during the day. One of mainly destination in Cirebon is the Trusmi district. Batik is at the center of this district. Cirebon batik is recognizable by its cloud-like patterns called Mengamendung. You can stroll along the small streets, visit workshops, adjoining shops and stock up on batik.

To go a little further, you can visit the old palace of Kasepuhan which has a certain charm and also discover the rattan workshops around Cirebon as in the village of Galamantro.

On the practical side: arrived at Cirebon station take a taxi to go to the Trusmi district and give him an appointment for the return.

Bandung

It is certainly faster to get to Bandung by train, the journey will only take you 3 hours while in the car it is more random. Bandung is nicknamed little Paris. Located high, you can breathe a little better, its art deco buildings, its museum of the conference of non-aligned countries are among the essentials. Being able to discover a volcano in activity and easy to access, it is also possible by going to Tangkuban Perahu, located about thirty kilometers from Bandung.

Spend a night in Bandung is pleasant, many hotels in town or just outside offer very interesting formulas.

Semarang

A six-hour journey will take you to discover Semarang nicknamed Little Holland. The old colonial buildings are fairly well renovated. We can only invite you to discover the Lawang Sewu Palace or the Palace of a Thousand Doors, the Blendug Church built 250 years ago, the Chinatown and its Tay Kak Sye temple, the old port and an artisanal Kretek factory.

You can extend your trip by taking the train, direction Pekalongan, another batik capital or rent a car to go to the heights of Salatiga, small town where Rimbaud stayed during his short stay in Indonesia as a Dutch soldier. And continue further to visit the Hindu temples of Gedong Songo (VIII – IXth S.).

Surabaya

From Jakarta the journey to Surabaya will take you 11h. You will be able to discover the history of Kretek, the cigarette with cloves through the Sampoerna museum, the Arab quarter, its Suci Ampel bazaar which leads to the Ampel mosque, the Chinese quarter, the red bridge emblem of the battle against the occupying Japanese in 1945, the colorful Pabean market and then take a break at the Majapahit hotel.

To extend the stay, you can hire a car to explore the site of Trowulan, capital of the former Majapahit kingdom (1293-1527).

Yogyakarta

A seven-hour drive will take you to the heart of Yogyakarta. Not to be missed is the Sultan’s Palace, which can be visited only in the morning, the royal baths, the market, the puppet manufacturers, a rickshaw ride in the city. And then of course a visit to the temples of Prambanan and Borobudur.

How to buy your train ticket:

The Traveloka online sites, tiket.com offer the sale of train tickets, it is also possible to buy your tickets in convenience stores  like Indomaret. A receipt is provided, you must go to the station 20 minutes before departure to collect your ticket at the counter. We advise you to take the Executive class, equivalent of the first class, you will appreciate the particularly pleasant space for long journeys.

The best place to get souvenirs in Bali

Where to buy souvenirs in Bali?

Of all the islands in Indonesia, Bali is certainly the most artistic. Indeed, the Balinese have a great passion for crafts and art in general. Spending your holidays on the island, you will be amazed by the many local products that amaze the view but also the touch: wooden sculptures, jewelry of all kinds, multicolored canvases, etc. Do you want to know where to buy these to make gifts for your loved ones and / or for yourself? In this article, find the best places to get souvenirs in Bali .

Ubud market: for art lovers

Ubud market is located near the temple of Saren , opposite the dance hall. This is surely one of the most famous markets on the island of the Gods for offering quality souvenirs at good prices. You can find a wide range of art objects for all tastes and budgets: wooden statuettes, paintings representative of the daily life of Balinese or Hindu beliefs, decorations made of wicker, etc. The small downside regarding the Ubud market is at the level of the prices of items which are a little higher than elsewhere. However, the value for money is satisfactory given the strength and beauty of the goods. Besides, you can always negotiate before taking an object that you like.

Kuta shopping centers: for fashion enthusiasts

Kuta is not only famous for its heavenly beaches and surf spots; it is also famous for its shopping centers erected near the sea. If you are looking for original gifts for your fashion-minded friends, shopping in these is ideal. They offer a wide choice of designer clothes , but also traditional clothes made in linen, silk, or cotton. With them, you can treat yourself to the famous sarongs, distributed in several models and colors; but also magnificent tunics that will undoubtedly please your loved ones. Here, the prices displayed on the labels are fixed; however, they are available to all budgets.

Sukawati market: to buy traditional clothes

The Sukawati market is located in Gianyar, in the direction of Ubud. Like the Ubud market , it is a good place to pay for art objects of all kinds without breaking the bank. But apart from that, the place is renowned for its merchants who sell quality traditional outfits . The choice is vast in terms of cuts and colors; and the fabrics are both robust and upscale. In this market, it is also possible for you to buy different original clothing accessories that are handmade: bracelets, necklaces, earrings, etc. Here, the prices of the items are very affordable.

The village of Celuk: for jewelry enthusiasts

It is in the Sukawati district , Gianyar that the village of Celuk is located. He is known worldwide for his high-end gold and silver jewelry. The craftsmen who make them are very skillful with their hands and produce quality items that meet everyone’s needs and budget.Whether you want to buy a ring, a bracelet, or a necklace, they will meet all your needs. In addition, they are able to make you a unique and fully personalized piece of jewelry if you have specific requests. You will be blown away by their attention to detail and their professional thoroughness. And the most? They are also open to price negotiations! What could be better ?

Krisna: for last minute purchases

Krisna is a souvenir shop where you can find everything. It has two subsidiaries: one is located in Kuta, on Sunset Road; the other is near the airport in Tuban. This second store is the most interesting to see, especially if you are about to return and need to buy last-minute souvenirs. On the Krisna shelves , you will see a wide range of items perfect for young and old: sarongs, kites, traditional masks, Balinese and Indonesian food products, wicker bags, art objects, handcrafted jewelry, etc. The prices of the goods are fixed at the brand. However, they are not expensive in the sense that they compete with the high prices offered by street vendors.